Friday, 1 March 2019

Interesting Facts I Bet You Never Knew About HURRICANE ,HURRICANE FLORENCE

I am gonna talk about the most dangerous natural calamity of all time, which is a hurricane, yes you read it right, it ranks higher than disastrous and monstrous tsunamis as well as above than mighty earthquakes, you will get to know about biggest hurricanes struck so far and their aftermath



Hurricane is a disaster which damages the world most devastating among all, both in terms of human casualties as well as in property and material damage, let's dive into the depth of the matter.

Hurricane Katrina :

  • Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive category 5 hurricane that made an appearance in Florida and Louisiana on August 05, causing catastrophic damage in central Florida to eastern Texas, the storm originated from the Bahamas, from the merger of the tropical wave and the remnants of tropical ten.
  • after one day earlier depression transformed in storm, and strengthened into hurricane only two hours before making landfall on Hallandale beach, it then tweaked and again strengthened into category 5 hurricane eventually in the Gulf of Mexico
  • it weakened into category 3 before striking southeast Louisiana and Mississippi ,overall 1836 people died in hurricane and subsequent floods, severe property damage occurred in many coastal areas
  • at Mississippi beachfront towns ,boats and casino barges rammed buildings, pushing cars and houses inland, water reached 6-12 miles beyond the beach,many areas became flooded and flood water lingered there for week
  • total property damage estimated as 125$ billion,most of the transport and communication networks servicing new Orleans were disabled by the flooding and tens of thousands of people who dint evacuate prior to landfall stranded there without food,shelter, and basic necessities.
  • on August 25 Katrina storm surge caused 53 breaches to various flood protection structures submerging 80 percent of the city, reports claimed that two third of flooding caused due to the failure of the city's floodwalls.
  • It incurred many economic and environmental damages, as it was most intensified at coastal areas it caused many oil spills.

Hurricane Matthew

  • Hurricane Matthew was first category 5 hurricane in Atlanta since 2007 that caused catastrophic damage and a humanitarian crisis in Haiti, which was the deadliest hurricane in Haiti since 2005, it caused extensive damage to masses in greater Antilles.
  • originated from tropical wave that emerged off Africa,it developed into tropical storm in east of the anti lies, it became hurricane in Venezuela and Florida, before going into intensification and turning into category 5 hurricane
  • it was there at lowest altitude ever for such category of hurricane in Atlantic,widespread effects were felt many parts,the most significant effects were felt in Haiti causing 546 deaths and 1.9$ billion damage making it worst disaster since 2010 quake.
  • high winds and flooding caused disruption in telecommunication and extensive swaths of land it caused damage across many islands.including the Bahamas, Haiti, Saint Vincent, Jamaica, Cuba, Colombia, Canada, and the US.
  • It caused 603 fatalities and 15.1 billion dollar damage.

Hurricane Florence

  • Hurricane Florence was powerful and long-lived, it caused a lot of damage in Carolina in September 2018 mainly as freshwater flooding, it dropped 35.93 inches of rain in North Carolina, the six of the storm, third of the hurricane and first major hurricane of 2018 season
  • it originated from the strong tropical wave that emerged off the west coast of Africa, steady organization resulted in the formation of a tropical depression on the next day in Cape Verde the system acquired tropical storm strength on September 1.
  • maximum wind speed estimated was about 215 kmph, strong wind shear torn the storm apart and it degraded to a tropical storm by Sept 7, the system gained hurricane status on Sept 9 and major hurricane on the following day.
  • the system brought early some squall conditions to Cape Verde resulting into landslides and floods, increasing wind shear caused the storm's winds to taper over the next few days, it caused 2 deaths in Florida, 43 in North Carolina,9 in South Carolina and 3 in Virginia.

Hurricane Irma

  • Hurricane Irma was an immensely powerful and devastating hurricane, the strongest experienced in Atlantic in terms of sustained winds since Wilma, Irma was the first category five hurricanes to reach leeward islands on record.
  • it is a second costliest hurricane after maria for Caribbeans.
Preparation: given Irma's forecast track was along the much of the Caribbean island chain, warnings were issued for leeward islands, in Antigua and Barbuda residents safeguarded homes and cleaned up there properties
  • hospitals stacked up things for the upcoming three days and checked the functionality of generators, the NHC issued several watches and warning for the southeast US.
Aftermath: the total of 64.8 billion dollars damaged and around 134 casualties occurred, reports such as blown off roofs surfaced thereafter
  • in the immediate aftermath in hurricane Irma's path through west indies and the Caribbean, devastation to roads, harbors and airports significantly impeded transportation and distribution of relief supplies.
  • in response to hurricane's approach the government of Antigua and Barbuda issued a mandatory evacuation on Sept 9, by the afternoon of Sept 9, Bahamas light and power company had sent crews across the archipelago to repair infrastructure damage.
  • swollen rivers contributed to worsening flooding in the days after the storm system left, resulting in additional evacuations.

Hurricane Michael

  • it formed in Caribbean sea on October 2, the disturbance became a tropical depression on October 7 after a week of slow development, next day it intensified into the hurricane in Cuba
  • the maximum speed of Michael was recorded as 250 kmph and death toll reached 72with damage of 25.1 billion dollars, around 200 people were evacuated from the coast of Cuba, in US governor declared that he will announce emergency if needed and told residentials to stay alert 
  • in Cuba, at least 70 percent of Isla de la Juventud lost power high winds left around 200000 people without power in one province, at one point 1.2 million customers were without power in some east and south parts of US.
  • In Mexico beach, catastrophic destruction occurred as many homes were flattened or completely swept away by 14 ft surge and category 4 winds, in southern Georgia sustained winds peaked 115 mph in Donalsonville.
  • in US declaration made by president trump, made the allowance of the 75 percent of the funds used in protective measures, residents in a country were able to receive a grant for house repairs, temporary shelter, and loans for uninsured property loans.

Hurricane Harvey 

  • Hurricane Harvey of 2017 is tied with Katrina hurricane as the costliest cyclone on record caused 125 billion dollar primarily due to rainfall triggered floods in Houston metropolitan area since 2005 it was the first major hurricane to make landfall.
  • many areas in four days received around 40-inch rainfall and caused unprecedented flooding, the floods inundated hundreds of thousands of homes and displaced more than 30000 people and prompted more than 17000 people.
  • hurricane Harvey caused 107 confirm deaths with 1 in Guyana and others in US.tropical cyclone warnings and watches were issued about six hours prior to the development of Harvey in the Carribean
  • in Lousiana governer issued state of emergency for the whole state, a mandatory evacuation ordered in city, winds left every household without electricity in Barbados with majority of outrage occurring in Christ church.
  • blocked drainage caused 15 businesses being flooded, around 3,00,000 structures and 5,00,000 vehicles damaged in Texas alone, tens of thousands were left were in need of rescue and 336,000 were without electricity in Texas.

Hurricane Andrew Facts

  • adjusted for inflation, hurricane Andrew is the second-costliest storm in the US, after Katrina 
  • andrew was the first in the 1992 hurricane season
  • it was first categorized as a category 4 and government recategorized it in category 5
  • most residents had less than one day to prepare their house and evacuate coastal area
  • much of the ground-based wind measuring tools in technology were either destroyed by flying debris or incapable of registering its max speed 
  • most of the damage occurred to homes were a result of faulty constructions.
  • after Andrew hurricane, south Florida has the highest building codes in the nation

Hurricane energy share price 

  • though hurricanes don't seem as dangerous, they can inflict tremendous loss of lives and capital, these hurricanes have damaged the US and neighboring countries to the most since late history, though in a modern day many countries face severe rain and flood, it hardly get as bad as a hurricane.
  • Hope you are satisfied with my article, give us feedback in the comment and share it as much as u can provide you liked it, moreover you can contact me for suggestions and queries on email given below, have a good day.



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